- HAMILTON, Ont., Canada -
The recent flap over invasive "X-ray" devices at Los Angeles
International Airport that can scan the human body more invasively than
ever before is just the tip of a technological iceberg which has been growing
for half a century and has now yielded devices literally capable of "broadcasting"
directly to the human mind.
- Yet, in spite of considerable material published over
the past half-century, the arrival of a time when any moderately wealthy
person can purchase or have devices made to order that can "talk to"
the brain and nervous system, has been met with silence. Indeed, in a response
(http://www.raven1.net/nsa1.gif) to a 1975 request to the National Security
Agency (NSA) for information on mind control devices, the NSA said one
responsive document obtained from the Russians by the Defense Intelligence
Agency could cause "exceptionally grave damage" to national security
- The seminal event in the developments that have produced
"electronic mind weapons" was the discovery during World War
II that radar technicians could hear the buzz of the radar signal in their
skulls, no receiver needed, when they worked in close proximity to an energized
antenna. Radar signals are a uniform train of short pulses of microwave
signal, and the audible effect matches the pulse rate.
- This told scientists that by pulsing a radio signal,
it is possible to have the signal interact with the brain and nervous system.
- Radar hearing was studied on a grant from General Electric
in the early 1960s by scientist Dr. Allan Frey, at Cornell University in
upstate New York. Dr. Frey's work has been reported in several scientific
journals, including the Journal of Applied Physiology, 17(4): 689-692.
- Dr. Frey found that a wide spectrum of "carrier"
frequencies, (that is, the "spot on the radio dial" of the test
signals,) when pulsed, and from about 125 megahertz (lower TV channel range)
well up into the microwave region, could cause buzzes or clicks to be heard
by the test subject. If a steady train of uniform, short, sharp pulses
was aimed at a test subject's head, a buzz was heard. If a single pulse
was transmitted, then the subject heard a pop.
- In general, unclassified experiments on human beings
lay dormant for the next decade, at least according to information dveloped
by a Canadian organization, Citizens Against Human Rights Abuses (CAHRA),
has been able to unearth. The pulses needed to place a signal power of
about three-tenths of a watt per square centimeter on the subject's skull
in order for the signal to be heard.
- For ethical scientists, this power level -- about the
same as when basking under an infrared heat lamp -- indicated caution.
Further studies at the cellular level have turned up sensitivities to certain
signals far, far below that level. Dr. Ross Adey of the University of California
at Riverside, a leading experimenter in this area, has recently warned
(http://electric-words.com/adey/adeyindex.html) that "there are important
biomedical considerations associated with long term exposure to any environmental
factor capable of tissue interactions."
- Other scientists studied "microwave hearing"
by means of exposing animals to various combinations of carrier frequency,
pulse shape, and power level. The animals were tested at the simplest level
for "startle" response, by applying a simple pulse or pulse train
to a caged or restrained animal.
- More invasive unclassified experiments were performed
in which electrodes were implanted into the brains of the animals, in areas
of the brain where vision, sound, and other perceptive functions were known
to reside. These electrodes measured the response of each perception region
to different signal types.
- These animal studies found that various perception effects
are frequency and power dependent. That is logically to be expected, since
the size of the animal and its sensory organs and brain region vary in
size. Size affects how much of the power from an incoming signal is absorbed,
and absorption is necessary to generate effects.
- One of the most notable scientists in the animal exper-
imental field was Dr. Jose Delgado, Director of Neuropsychiatry at Yale
Medical School in the early 1970s. In a segment titled "Special Assignment"
on CNN in 1985, Dr. Delgado demonstrated that by mounting a transmitter
on an animal, and having received radio signals converted to stimulating
pulses fed to implants in the animal's brain, behavior can be dramatically
altered. A bull apparently intent on challenging an experimenter with a
radio transmitter stopped moving toward the experimenter when the appropriate
button on a small transmitter was pressed.
- While this was not direct radio signal-to-brain technology,
it did demonstrate clearly that the brain can be controlled by electrical
stimulation. It also, significantly, demonstrated intent. Demonstration
of intent is crucial to anyone interested in arousing public interest in
getting electronic mind weapons exposed, debated, and controlled.
- Three other effects were discovered during these animal
experiments: Window effect, bio-amplification, and bio-detection.
- Window effect means that, just as with drugs, there is
both a minimum and maximum signal level which will cause a desired effect.
Bio-amplification is the more significant phenomenon, as what it means
in practical terms is that at just the right frequency and pulse shape,
a given effect can be produced with very small power levels, far below
power levels required to produce heating. Under grants from the government,
Dr. Adey studied how electromagnetic (i.e. "radio") signals interacted
with cells down to the molecular level.
- Bio-amplification also makes possible signals which do
not interfere with radio and TV appliances, and which are extremely hard
to detect. Hopping these small signals around in a band of effectiveness
makes then virtually impossible to detect.
- Bio-detection means that a cell is not simply "stimulated"
at a certain signal frequency, but can actually behave according to "modulation"
applied to that signal. The old crystal set radios are one of the simplest
detectors of "modulation". When voice is superimposed on a steady
carrier frequency, that variation in the signal is called the modulation.
The crystal set extracts the voice and causes the attached headphones to
reproduce the original voice.
- Headphones alone cannot respond to frequencies as high
as, say, AM broadcast band signals, and the detector, the crystal or diode,
converts the radio signal into a voice signal. Cells can do the same thing.
This leads to the next stage in radar-hearing human experimentation: The
successful transmission of, first, morse code, and then voice, to a human
- That milestone was apparently been achieved a quarter
of a century ago. In the Journal of the American Psychological Association
in March 1975, Dr. Don R. Justesen wrote:
- "Communication has in fact been demonstrated. A.
Guy (Note 1), a skilled telegrapher, arranged for his father, a retired
railroad telegrapher, to operate a key, each closure and opening of which
resulted in a pulse of microwave energy. By directing the radiations at
his own head, complex mess- ages via the Continental Morse Code were readily
received by Guy.
- "Sharp and Grove (note 2) found that appropriate
modulation of microwave energy can result in "wireless" and "receiverless"
communication of speech. The recorded by voice on tape each of the single-syllable
words for digits between 1 and 10. The electrical sine-wave analogs of
each word were then processed so that each time a sine wave crossed zero
reference in the negative direction, a brief pulse of microwave energy
- "By radiating themselves with these "voice
modulated" microwaves, Sharp and Grove were readily able to hear,
identify, and distinguish among the 9 words. The sounds heard were not
unlike those emitted by persons with artificial larynxes."
- This early '70s success forms the basis for the powerful
mind weapons that are still classified today. This writer makes no judgement
here as to the truth of the allegations of CAHRA's 300 members, who claim
to have been targetted by devices based on technology like this. Pain,
manipulation of body parts, and hypnotic effects have all been reported,
with a high degree of sameness among those reporting such effects.
- However, the experimental results above make it plain
that the means to communicate electronically with the brain and nervous
system have existed for some time, outside the classified realm.
- Audible words may be transmitted, as described above.
A more recent technology can be coupled to "microwave hearing"
to produce a signal which can carry vocal content which is not consciously
audible, but is "audible" to the human mind. This is called "SSSS"
or "S-QUAD" or "Silent Sound Spread Spectrum" technology.
- The first unclassified patent found by CAHRA is U.S.
Patent 5,159,703, by Dr. Oliver Lowery, dated October 27, 1992. This technology
converts a hypnotist's voice to non-consciously-audible ultrasound, which
can be sent using microwave hearing, or piggybacked on to commercial broadcast
sound. This powerful combination of technologies can be used to apply hypnosis,
undetectably over months and years.
- Britain's ITV News Service, in March of 1991, reported
the use of ultrasound carried via a commercial FM channel (100 MHz) to
entrain the brains of Iraqi troops to pulse rates set to produce despair,
during the Gulf War. Clearly both means and motive exist to use technologies
developed over the past half-century. But has there also been a motive
for criminal use of such devices?
- Potential For Abuse
- To recap, new devices which can "talk to" the
human brain and nervous system are a reality. They have, in their classified
form, been a reality at least since Dr. Joseph Sharp's successful transmission
of voice using pulsed microwave radio signals in 1973.
- In the first part of this article, scientific research
was summarized describing the events which led to Dr. Sharp's success.
The chain of events was begun with the World War II discovery that radar
signals can be "heard" buzzing within the skull of technicians
working in close proximity to energized equipment.
- Studies on animals, and Dr. Allan Frey's human experiments
at Cornell University showed that this phenomenon is both frequency and
power level dependent. Also discovered were that (a) cells assist in amplifying
radio signals at certain frequencies, and (b) cells can not only respond
to a radio signal, but can actually "detect," that is, "decode"
any modulation, such as voice, superimposed on the basic carrier signal.
- Finally, brief reference was made to a form of sound
conversion, "Silent Sound," in which both mood setting ("brain
entrainment") signals and ultrasound voice facsimile can be used to
undetectably communicate with the human brain. The radio signal or "microwave
hearing" phenomenon can carry "Silent Sound," or, "Silent
Sound" can be carried on top of an audible radio or TV sound broadcast.
- This capability to carry inaudible "voice"
or "mood" signals sets the stage for undetectable and repetitive
hypnosis. Although the full details remain classified, the British ITV
wire service received reports that the U.S. military used Silent Sound,
piggybacked on FM broadcasts to Iraqi troops, to set them up for a quick
- To this point, then, we can see that the potential for
extremely invasive, undetectable, and unethical use of these technologies
exists. Being undetectable and easy to suspend when witnesses are present,
the world's justice systems can offer no remedy should the equipment be
used against citizens in their homes and communities.
- The question now is: "How likely is it that the
unethical, involuntary, aggressive or voyeuristic use of these technologies
has happened, is happening, or may be happening, by those who possess these
- To evaluate this likelihood, one must answer this question:
"Why would anyone use invasive, silent electronic equipment to both
cause pain and discomfort, or, to read the state of mind, including said-to-self
vocal thoughts and images, on a non-volunteer subject?"
- One word sums the answer up quite thoroughly: "MKULTRA."
MKULTRA was originally a collection of 149 psychological warfare and interrogation
experiments commissioned in the 1950s by the CIA. These experiments were
spurred into existence by the "brainwashing" tactics used on
Korean POWs, which involved torture, sensory deprivation, and drugs.
- MKULTRA planners decided that for brainwashing and other
types of "mind control" activity, it was essential that involuntary
test subjects be used. (No doubt, too, that volunteers for such horrible
experiments would be nearly impossible to recruit.)
- Among CAHRA members, and a parallel organization named
ACHES-MC (Advocacy Committee for Human Experimentation Survivors - Mind
Control), are severely and seemingly permanently mentally damaged survivors
of the kidnap/institutional/drugging/torture forms of MKULTRA activity.
- Most of the survivors' torment ceased shortly after the
exposure of the non-electronic atrocities, by the U.S. Senate Select Committee
on Intelligence hearings, chaired first by Senator Frank Church, then by
Senator Inouye in the late 1970s. None of the perpetrators of those atrocities
were ever brought to trial.
- However, even though the perpetrators were not punished,
and the neuro-electromagnetic experiments were not brought to light, the
MKULTRA experience demonstrates undeniably that a modern, "civilized,"
western country which places a high value on freedom, still harbors a motive
pool capable of unspeakable cruelty.
- Add to the MKULTRA experience the continuing revelations
of individuals who prey on children (Jeffrey Dahmer and John Wayne Gacy,
for example) and it becomes clear that once invasive electronic devices
fall into the hands of society's "baddest apples," the devices
will be used in the worst possible ways. That is historical certainty,
- To sum up: We have shown that both the means and the
will do exist, and have existed for some time, to carry out what the 300
members of CAHRA and ACHES-MC report.
- But there is even more cause for concern: The basic technologies
to inject long-term silent hypnosis (which can be used to generate hypnotic
body pain) and to read sub-vocalized word-thoughts and even images seen
by the target's eyes, can be bought or had built by the average millionaire.
Not all "millionaires" are entirely ethical or altruistic.
- Here is a list of technologies and their characteristics
which can be had by the wealthy at this point in time:
- Through-wall, through-clothing, undetectable passive
radar scanners from Millivision Corp., Northamptom, Mass. This item also
allows perpetrators to see if witnesses or test equipment is set up, and
allows the perpetrators to shut down, rather than be detected. Radar-based
life detectors, used for rescue and law-enforcement, but also available
to stalkers and pedophiles. Can also "illuminate" a dwelling's
indoor areas for the radar scanners above, for better visibility. Simple
"brain rhythm entrainment" machines, which are transmitters pulsing
at rates which can alter moods without the target realizing a signal is
aimed at them. (The first of which was used during the Korean War, the
Russian "LIDA" machine.) Involuntary voice-to-skull transmitters,
capable of forcing a neighbor to listen to inescapable sounds while trying
to sleep. Modified telephone voice converters, making a hypnotist's voice
inaudible to the target's hearing sense, but still audible to certain parts
of the mind. Can be transmitted using the pulsed microwave voice-to-skull
transmitters. This "silent sound" equipment can also be transmitted
over cable TV to the intended target, or over the target's favorite radio
- For the more determined aggressive device owner, a ruse
involving less-than-ethical doctors can be set up where the new Applied
Digital Solutions Inc. satellite-trackable implants can be surreptitiously
placed during surgery for other conditions, resulting in the whereabouts
of the targetted individual being known at all times to the perpetrator.
This type of atrocity lends itself more to large organizations like government
agencies or defense and intelligence contractors; and for such agencies
this is not difficult to arrange.
- What can be done? What should be done? CAHRA is a non-profit
organization, meaning, by law anyone speaking or writing on behalf of CAHRA
may not attempt to influence legislation either directly or indirectly
by way of influencing voters. CAHRA's role is to supply information to
others, that others may independently take action they see as appropriate.
- Speaking here as Eleanor White, world citizen, and not
as an agent of CAHRA, I suggest that the European Parliament's resolutions
passed on January 28, 1999, be also passed by the U.S. Congress and the
Canadian Parliament. Excerpts from those resolutions follow:
- Resolution adopted by the European Parliament, 28.1.99
Environment, security and foreign affairs A4-0005/99:
- 23. Calls on the European Union to seek to have the new
'non-lethal' weapons technology and the development of new arms strategies
also covered and regulated by international conventions; ...
- 27. Calls for an international convention introducing
a global ban on all developments and deployments of weapons which might
enable any form of manipulation of human beings;
- Impetus for making such resolutions can be derived from
a speech by Jean-Pierre Changeux, of the Paris Pasteur Institute, published
in the prestigious scinetific journal Nature in January, 1998:
- But neuroscience also poses potential risks, he said,
arguing that advances in cerebral imaging make the scope for invasion of
privacy immense. Although the equipment needed is still highly specialized,
it will become commonplace and capable of being used at a distance, he
predicted. That will open the way for abuses such as invasion of personal
liberty, control of behaviour and brainwashing. These are far from being
science-fiction concerns, said Changeux, and constitute "a serious
risk to society".
- It is hoped the reader will take away from this article
the need to get this matter of weapons-capable electronic devices on to
the agendas of those we elect and pay to defend our nations from involuntary
experimentation and atrocities.
- Eleanor White is an engineer and technical advisor to
the Ontario-based Citizens Agaionst Human Rights Abuses.
- This article was recently published by the University
of Technology, (http://www.phys.uts.edu.au/~asearle/mind_switch/m_switch.html):
- and is posted here with thanks to the Andrew Searle:
- UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, SYDNEY
- THE MIND SWITCH
- The Mind Switch refers to the technology that has been
developed which allows a person to turn on and off an electrical appliance,
such as a desk lamp or TV in 2-3 seconds using EEG signals, without training.
- Proportional control, such as turning up or down the
volume of a radio is also possible with the technology. This research is
being carried at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS).
- Background - General
- Early in 1994 while studying the response of the brain
to environmental factors Professor Ashley Craig and Mr Paul McIsaac of
the Department of Health Sciences at UTS, noticed an effect which appears
to be common among all persons.
- That effect is an increase in a particular brain signal
when a person closes his/her eyes for more than one second.
- The important question that Ashley and Paul then asked
was could this effect be used to do something useful?, ie - could the control
of the brain signal be used, in turn, to control something else?
- At this stage Ashley contacted Professor Tony Moon, the
Dean of Science at University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), to find out
if anyone could help answer the technical questions and design a system
that might exploit the apparent change in the signal level when a person
closes his/her eyes.
- Professor Moon introduced Ashley to Assoc Prof Les Kirkup
who is a associate professor in the department of Applied Physics at UTS,
who has experience in developing electronics and instrumentation. It was
thought he could offer important input to the project.
- He was initially skeptical that signals as small as those
that are present on the scalp, (where electrodes are placed to pick up
brain activity) could be detected reliably and analysed sufficiently quickly
to allow activation of an external device, such as a lamp or TV.
- The data that had been gathered on signal levels with
eyes open and eyes closed showed that a significant increase occurred in
the 8-13Hz part of the "brain spectrum" commonly referred to
as the "alpha" region.
- Les built a detection, discrimination and analysis system
based on Ashley and Paul's data and, much to his surprise at least, the
first person (Lucy) connected to the system showed the capability of operating
a switch which could control an electrical appliance.
- Background - Technical
- Serious work done on brain signals began with Berger
in 1929 [Berger 1967]. Since that time the acquisition and analysis of
brain signals, referred to as Electroencephalography (EEG) has advanced
to such a state that EEG is regularly used to assist in the diagnosis of
schizophrenia, epilepsy and brain tumours. [Geddes and Baker, 1989].
- EEG has also been used in biofeedback studies in which
subjects may learn to modify their EEG signals in response to visual representation
of their EEG signals. This control usually take weeks or months to learn
and is not highly reliable.
- The system we have developed does not rely on any learned
skill by an individual. It simply requires a person to close his/her eyes
for more than 1 second to effect sufficient change in the signals levels
to allow for the reliable operation of a switch.
- It turns out that it has been known for many years that
increase in signal level occur upon eye closure, but this is the first
example (to our knowledge) of the recognition of its potential and the
exploitation of the effect.
- The system used to detect the change in signals consists
of amplifiers, filters and other signal processing elements (full details
are still classified at the moment!). As there are other sources which
can generate signals which can interfere with brain signals (and hence
cause intermittent switching on and off of appliances) we have developed
a noise suppression system which eliminates the effect of those noise sources.
- This feature is very important as we are currently developing
the technology for disabled persons (we have a three year grant from the
Motor Accident Authority of New South Wales, MAA) and reliability is a
- The funding from MAA has allowed us to appoint Mr Andrew
Searle who has become a key figure in the technical developments regarding
the Mind Switch. In addition Mr Perez Moses is developing new noise suppression
techniques to be applied in this work.
- Berger, H. 1967. On the electroencephalogram of man (trans.
by P. Gloor).EEG Clin. Neurophysiol., Suppl. 28:1-350
- Geddes, L. A. and Baker, L. E. 1989. Principles of applied
biomedical instrumentation 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York): pp726-727
- Copyright 2000 Joe Shea The American Reporter. All Rights
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