- Hello Jeff,
- Since we got into some of the freon decomposition effects
with temperature or radiation, which means it is not inert, you might like
to take note of its use in cigarettes. The article below is from USA Today
last year. Thought you or your audience might find it interesting to
apply to the fluorides exposure revelations list.
- This is one of the applications where the residual freon
in the cigarettes can be converted with heat/temperature into its toxic
breakdown products, reactive Fluoride and Chlorine compounds, that are
directed inhaled into the lungs of unsuspecting smokers never warned of
the poison effect. This effect likely did extreme damage to the lung
health and immune resistance of persons smoking these type cigarettes.
- Similar things happened with freon used as the blowing
agent for styrofoams, which were used all around. Lots ended up burned
in incinerators, some burned by kids playing with fire. Styrofoam companies
have been forced to stop using the freon for that application as well.
- One last thing that few folks realize is that the largest
user of freon in the US were the Oak Ridge gas diffsusion plants, which
used train car loads of it to cool the thousands of stages of the diffusion
process...which used more electric power than in consumed by NY city.
- In the upper atmosphere, the ionization tends to cause
concentrations of the freon products at the south pole, because of the
magnetic fields, and freon being ionized into Fluoride and Chlorine atoms.
The opposite effect is the electron showers that make the northern lights.
- And the saga of only half the facts presented continue
in the press, but you're making a difference in allowing more of these
stories to find the light.
- Witness: R. J. Reynolds Used Freon In Cigarettes For
- http://www.usatoday.com/news/smoke/smoke132.htm 9-13-00
- ST. PAUL, Minn. - R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. used Freon
to puff up tobacco in cigarettes for 23 years, a company scientist testified
- Freon has been linked to the destruction of the ozone
layer. R.J. Reynolds used it to expand the tobacco when heated - similar
to popping popcorn - so less would be needed to fill a cigarette and less
tar would be produced when the cigarette was smoked, David Townsend said
in Minnesota's tobacco trial.
- He said Freon was used from 1970 until 1993 in production
of low-tar cigarettes even though a scientist for another cigarette maker
recommended in 1984 that its use be phased out "as quickly as practicable."
- S.R. Evelyn of British-American Tobacco Co. Ltd. cited
animal and human inhalation studies in which short-term exposure to Freon
caused irregular heartbeat and abnormally low blood pressure.
- When questioned about the Evelyn report, Townsend maintained
that Freon had not been a problem in cigarettes.
- "I do know they found no problem at the levels of
Freon that were present in tobacco," said Townsend, vice president
of product development and assessment for R.J. Reynolds, the nation's No.
2 tobacco company.
- Under a 1987 treaty, production of Freon - a trade name
for chlorofluorocarbons - will be phased out globally by 2010. Freon is
used as a coolant in air conditioning and refrigeration systems and as
an aerosol propellant.
- R.J. Reynolds decided in 1988 to stop using Freon in
cigarettes and began intensive research on alternatives, Townsend said.
The company shut down its plant that used Freon in 1993.
- Minnesota attorneys asked if Reynolds scientists had
been concerned that Freon, in decomposition, might produce phosgene, a
nerve gas used in World War I.
- "Not only did we evaluate the chemistry intensively
and look for phosgene intensely, we collected (the research) and provided
it to many people, including competitors," Townsend said.
- The state and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota
accuse the tobacco industry of researching issues of smoking and health
but lying to the public about the dangers while manipulating nicotine to
keep smokers hooked.
- They are seeking $1.77 billion they say they have spent
treating smoking-related illnesses, plus punitive damages.
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