- COLLEGE PARK, Md.
(Reuters) -- Astronomers plan to slam an armchair-sized "impactor"
into comet Tempel 1 to see what's inside -- and possibly help future scientists
determine how to keep such space rocks from colliding with Earth.
- If all goes as scheduled, the NASA Deep Impact spacecraft,
set for launch on Dec. 30, will gently let go of the 820-pound impactor
on July 4, 2005, and the comet's rocky part will hit it at a speed of 23,800
miles an hour.
- The smash will take place some 80 million miles from
Earth, and while the comet itself is 100 times too dim to be seen with
unaided eyes, the material thrown up by the collision could be visible
with small telescopes, the project's principal investigator said on Thursday.
- "We're going to hit it and see what happens,"
astronomer Michael A'Hearn of the University of Maryland said at a briefing
- NASA's Stardust spacecraft took pictures of the nucleus
of comet Wild 2 during a fly-by last January, but Deep Impact will actually
blast a crater into the heart of a comet to see its interior.
- Knowing what is inside Tempel 1 could assist in later
missions aimed at nudging a so-called doomsday space rock away from Earth.
Such an impact could cause catastrophic damage, and scientists have been
working to identify potentially threatening asteroids and comets, known
as near-Earth objects, that might have the potential to collide with our
- INSIDE A SPACE ROCK
- Tempel 1 does not threaten Earth, but its inner workings
could offer information about more menacing space rocks.
- "The properties of the cometary nucleus (of Tempel
1)... are probably representative of the really dark near-Earth objects,
which are likely dormant comets," A'Hearn said.
- He said the Deep Impact mission, which will cost some
$311 million, will let future investigators know whether it would be easy
to attach thrusters to a comet to push it out of the way.
- A'Hearn said the impact with Tempel 1 is likely to produce
a crater the size of a football stadium on a comet with a diameter of about
- But if the comet's nucleus is more like a solid ice cube,
the impact might create a much smaller crater.
- If the comet is made of what A'Hearn called solid pumice
rock -- hard but full of holes -- the impact would simply compress the
- Or the comet might even have the consistency of powdery
snow, in which case the impactor would tunnel right through it.
- A remote possibility is that the impact would create
a shockwave that would break it apart, though A'Hearn called this the least
- More information and images are available online at http://deepimpact.umd.edu.
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