- Jeff, you and I both discussed on the program the fact
that I had called NY State Wildlife pathologist Ward Stone about a suspected
case of Mad Deer disease last summer in my own backyard. His response:
"There are no cases of Chronic Wasting Disease in NY State, therefore
we do not test for it." However, it is now confirmed we do, indeed,
have mad deer here.
- My guess is that Mad Deer disease will be found in states
between Wisconsin and NY and between other endemic states and NY State.
- When I wrote about the possibility that CWD was now in
NY State with my experience of last year, some people, including Ward Stone,
thought I was mistaken.
- I hoped I was wrong, but felt I was clinically correct
about the deer I observed having CWD. It is time the entire US perform
random testing nationwide for CWD.
- Patricia Doyle
- Positive Case of CWD Found in Oneida County
- Mandatory Testing Protocols Find CWD
in a Captive White-Tailed Doe
- NY Dept. of Agriculture press release
- From Kristine Brown
- The 1st positive case of chronic wasting disease (CWD)
in New York State has been confirmed in a white-tailed doe from a captive
herd in Oneida County. CWD is a transmissible disease that affects the
brain and central nervous system of deer and elk. There is no evidence
that CWD is linked to disease in humans or domestic livestock other than
deer and elk.
- The animal that tested positive for CWD was a 6-year-old
white-tailed doe that was slaughtered from a captive herd in Oneida County
as part of the State's mandatory CWD surveillance and testing protocols.
Preliminary tests performed at the New York State Veterinary Diagnostic
Laboratory at Cornell University determined the presumptive positive, which
was confirmed late yesterday by the National Veterinary Services Laboratory
in Ames, Iowa.
- The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets
has officially quarantined the index herd in which the positive deer was
found, and will depopulate and test all deer on the premises. Other herds
associated with the index herd have also been quarantined and an investigation
has been initiated to find and test any susceptible deer that came into
contact with the index herd and to assess the health and environmental
risks associated with such establishments. The Department of Environmental
Conservation (DEC) will conduct intensive monitoring of the wild deer population
surrounding the index herd to ensure CWD has not spread to wild deer.
- CWD is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE)
of deer and elk. Scientific and epidemiological research into CWD is ongoing.
To date, research shows that the disease is typified by chronic weight
loss, is always fatal, and is transmissible between susceptible species.
CWD has only been found in members of the deer family in North America,
which include white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk and moose.
- CWD has been detected in both wild and captive deer and
elk populations in isolated regions of North America. To date, CWD has
been found in Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska,
New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming in the
United States, and in Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada.
- Establishing the known CWD health status of captive and
wild cervid populations is a critical component for controlling CWD. In
New York, the responsibility for controlling CWD is shared between the
State Department of Agriculture and Markets, DEC, and the U.S. Department
of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
- New York's cooperative, active surveillance program serves
as a model for the nation in CWD control. The State Department of Agriculture
and Markets monitors the health and movement of all captive deer and elk
for the presence of common livestock diseases, including CWD. In July
2004, the Department initiated the CWD Enhanced Surveillance and Monitoring
Program, which requires captive deer and elk herd owners to take various
actions, including routine sampling and testing, animal identification
and an annual herd inventory. Since the inception of testing for CWD in
2000, 681 captive deer and elk have been tested and found negative for
- DEC issues licenses to individuals who possess, import
or sell white-tailed deer. DEC also routinely tests New York's wild deer
population. Following the discovery of CWD in Wisconsin, DEC implemented
a statewide surveillance program in April 2002 to test wild white-tailed
deer for the presence of CWD. Samples are collected and sent to an approved
USDA laboratory for analysis. To date, DEC has taken samples from 3457
wild white-tailed deer, including 40 from the county where the positive
deer was found. All samples from wild white-tailed deer have tested to
date have been negative for CWD.
- DEC will also implement precautionary regulations limiting
transportation and possession of whole carcasses and some parts of wild
deer taken near the location of the captive herd. These regulations will
be similar to those currently in place for importation of carcasses and
parts of deer into New York.
- DEC has also implemented regulations restricting various
activities to help control CWD within the State, including restrictions
on the importation of live deer and elk, deer feeding, importation and
possession of certain deer parts and carcasses, and transportation of deer
and elk carcasses through New York State.
- USDA APHIS supports individual State programs by providing
funding for CWD prevention and surveillance. USDA APHIS reimburses states
conducting CWD testing on their wild and captive cervid population and
also provides indemnification dollars for captive herds that must be destroyed
due to the presence of CWD.
- New York State has 433 establishments raising 9600 deer
and elk in captivity. In the wild, DEC estimates there are approximately
one million deer statewide.
- (This is the 1st time CWD has been found in New York
State. This is a blow to the NY cervid industry. Undoubtedly, in addition
to the actions identified in the press release, NY will be examining how
the positive deer came to be in New York State. Was the animal imported
from a previously positive region? Was this a case of spontaneous disease?
The officials will be conducting a very thorough investigation. - Mod.TG)
- (ProMEd-mail also thanks A-lan Banks and Terry S. Singeltary
Sr. for submitting newswires covering this topic. - Mod.MPP)
- Patricia A. Doyle, PhD Please visit my "Emerging
Diseases" message board at: http://www.clickitnews.com/ubbthreads/postlist.php?
- Zhan le Devlesa tai sastimasa
- Go with God and in Good Health