- Colin Powell does not need more humiliation over the
manifold errors in his February 2003 presentation to the UN. But yesterday
a London jury brought down another section of the case he made for war
- that Iraq and Osama bin Laden were supporting and directing terrorist
poison cells throughout Europe, including a London ricin ring.
- Yesterday's verdicts on five defendants and the dropping
of charges against four others make clear there was no ricin ring. Nor
did the "ricin ring" make or have ricin. Not that the government
shared that news with us. Until today, the public record for the past three
fear-inducing years has been that ricin was found in the Wood Green flat
occupied by some of yesterday's acquitted defendants. It wasn't.
- The third plank of the al-Qaida-Iraq poison theory was
the link between what Powell labelled the "UK poison cell" and
training camps in Afghanistan. The evidence the government wanted to use
to connect the defendants to Afghanistan and al-Qaida was never put to
the jury. That was because last autumn a trial within a trial was secretly
taking place. This was a private contest between a group of scientists
from the Porton Down military research centre and myself. The issue was:
where had the information on poisons and chemicals come from?
- The information - five pages in Arabic, containing amateur
instructions for making ricin, cyanide and botulinum, and a list of chemicals
used in explosives - was at the heart of the case. The notes had been made
by Kamel Bourgass, the sole convicted defendant. His co-defendants believed
that he had copied the information from the internet. The prosecution claimed
it had come from Afghanistan.
- I was asked to look for the original source on the internet.
This meant exploring Islamist websites that publish Bin Laden and his sympathisers,
and plumbing the most prolific source of information on how to do harm:
the writings of the American survivalist right and the gun lobby.
- The experience of being an expert witness on these issues
has made me feel a great deal safer on the streets of London. These were
the internal documents of the supposed al-Qaida cell planning the "big
one" in Britain. But the recipes were untested and unoriginal, borrowed
from US sources. Moreover, ricin is not a weapon of mass destruction. It
is a poison which has only ever been used for one-on-one killings and attempted
- If this was the measure of the destructive wrath that
Bin Laden's followers were about to wreak on London, it was impotent. Yet
it was the discovery of a copy of Bourgass's notes in Thetford in 2002
that inspired the wave of horror stories and government announcements and
preparations for poison gas attacks.
- It is true that when the team from Porton Down entered
the Wood Green flat in January 2003, their field equipment registered the
presence of ricin. But these were high sensitivity field detectors, for
use where a false negative result could be fatal. A few days later in the
lab, Dr Martin Pearce, head of the Biological Weapons Identification Group,
found that there was no ricin. But when this result was passed to London,
the message reportedly said the opposite.
- The planned government case on links to Afghanistan was
based only on papers that a freelance journalist working for the Times
had scooped up after the US invasion of Kabul. Some were in Arabic, some
in Russian. They were far more detailed than Bourgass's notes. Nevertheless,
claimed Porton Down chemistry chief Dr Chris Timperley, they showed a "common
origin and progression" in the methods, thus linking the London group
of north Africans to Afghanistan and Bin Laden.
- The weakness of Timperley's case was that neither he
nor the intelligence services had examined any other documents that could
have been the source. We were told Porton Down and its intelligence advisers
had never previously heard of the "Mujahideen Poisons Handbook, containing
recipes for ricin and much more". The document, written by veterans
of the 1980s Afghan war, has been on the net since 1998.
- All the information roads led west, not to Kabul but
to California and the US midwest. The recipes for ricin now seen on the
internet were invented 20 years ago by survivalist Kurt Saxon. He advertises
videos and books on the internet. Before the ricin ring trial started,
I phoned him in Arizona. For $110, he sent me a fistful of CDs and videos
on how to make bombs, missiles, booby traps - and ricin. We handed a copy
of the ricin video to the police.
- When, in October, I showed that the chemical lists found
in London were an exact copy of pages on an internet site in Palo Alto,
California, the prosecution gave up on the Kabul and al-Qaida link claims.
But it seems this information was not shared with the then home secretary,
David Blunkett, who was still whipping up fear two weeks later. "Al-Qaida
and the international network is seen to be, and will be demonstrated through
the courts over months to come, actually on our doorstep and threatening
our lives," he said on November 14.
- The most ironic twist was an attempt to introduce an
"al-Qaida manual" into the case. The manual - called the Manual
of the Afghan Jihad - had been found on a raid in Manchester in 2000. It
was given to the FBI to produce in the 2001 New York trial for the first
attack on the World Trade Centre. But it wasn't an al-Qaida manual. The
name was invented by the US department of justice in 2001, and the contents
were rushed on to the net to aid a presentation to the Senate by the then
attorney general, John Ashcroft, supporting the US Patriot Act.
- To show that the Jihad manual was written in the 1980s
and the period of the US-supported war against the Soviet occupation was
easy. The ricin recipe it contained was a direct translation from a 1988
US book called the Poisoner's Handbook, by Maxwell Hutchkinson.
- We have all been victims of this mass deception. I do
not doubt that Bourgass would have contemplated causing harm if he was
competent to do so. But he was an Islamist yobbo on his own, not an Al
Qaida-trained superterrorist. An Asbo might be appropriate.
- Duncan Campbell is an investigative writer and a scientific
expert witness on computers and telecommunications. He is author of War
Plan UK and is not the Guardian journalist of the same name
- © Guardian Newspapers Limited 2005