- The idea to form the North American Union
as a super-NAFTA knitting together Canada, the United States and Mexico
into a super-regional political and economic entity was a key agreement
resulting from the March 2005 meeting held at Baylor University in Waco,
Tex., between President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin.
- A joint statement published by the three
presidents following their Baylor University summit announced the formation
of an initial entity called, "The Security and Prosperity Partnership
of North America" (SPP). The joint statement termed the SPP a "trilateral
partnership" that was aimed at producing a North American security
plan as well as providing free market movement of people, capital, and
trade across the borders between the three NAFTA partners:
- We will establish a common approach to
security to protect North America from external threats, prevent and respond
to threats within North America, and further streamline the secure and
efficient movement of legitimate, low-risk traffic across our borders.
- A working agenda was established:
- We will establish working parties led
by our ministers and secretaries that will consult with stakeholders in
our respective countries. These working parties will respond to the priorities
of our people and our businesses, and will set specific, measurable, and
- The U.S. Department of Commerce has produced
a SPP website, which documents how the U.S. has implemented the SPP directive
into an extensive working agenda.
- Following the March 2005 meeting in Waco,
Tex., the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) published in May 2005 a task
force report titled "Building a North American Community." We
have already documented that this CFR task force report calls for a plan
to create by 2010 a redefinition of boundaries such that the primary immigration
control will be around the three countries of the North American Union,
not between the three countries. We have argued that a likely reason President
Bush has not secured our border with Mexico is that the administration
is pushing for the establishment of the North American Union.
- The North American Union is envisioned
to create a super-regional political authority that could override the
sovereignty of the United States on immigration policy and trade issues.
In his June 2005 testimony to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
Robert Pastor, the Director of the Center for North American Studies at
American University, stated clearly the view that the North American Union
would need a super-regional governance board to make sure the United States
does not dominate the proposed North American Union once it is formed:
- NAFTA has failed to create a partnership
because North American governments have not changed the way they deal with
one another. Dual bilateralism, driven by U.S. power, continue to govern
and irritate. Adding a third party to bilateral disputes vastly increases
the chance that rules, not power, will resolve problems.
- This trilateral approach should be institutionalized
in a new North American Advisory Council. Unlike the sprawling and intrusive
European Commission, the Commission or Council should be lean, independent,
and advisory, composed of 15 distinguished individuals, 5 from each nation.
Its principal purpose should be to prepare a North American agenda for
leaders to consider at biannual summits and to monitor the implementation
of the resulting agreements.
- Pastor was a vice chairman of the CFR
task force that produced the report "Building a North American Union."
- Pastor also proposed the creation of
a Permanent Tribunal on Trade and Investment with the view that "a
permanent court would permit the accumulation of precedent and lay the
groundwork for North American business law." The intent is for this
North American Union Tribunal would have supremacy over the U.S. Supreme
Court on issues affecting the North American Union, to prevent U.S. power
from "irritating" and retarding the progress of uniting Canada,
Mexico, and the U.S. into a new 21st century super-regional governing body.
- Robert Pastor also advises the creation
of a North American Parliamentary Group to make sure the U.S. Congress
does not impede progress in the envisioned North American Union. He has
also called for the creation of a North American Customs and Immigration
Service which would have authority over U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
(ICE) within the Department of Homeland Security.
- Pastor's 2001 book "Toward a North
American Community" called for the creation of a North American Union
that would perfect the defects Pastor believes limit the progress of the
European Union. Much of Pastor's thinking appears aimed at limiting the
power and sovereignty of the United States as we enter this new super-regional
entity. Pastor has also called for the creation of a new currency which
he has coined the "Amero," a currency that is proposed to replace
the U.S. dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso.
- If President Bush had run openly in 2004
on the proposition that a prime objective of his second term was to form
the North American Union and to supplant the dollar with the "Amero,"
we doubt very much that President Bush would have carried Ohio, let alone
half of the Red State majority he needed to win re-election. Pursuing any
plan that would legalize the conservatively estimated 12 million illegal
aliens now in the United States could well spell election disaster for
the Republican Party in 2006, especially for the House of Representative
where every seat is up for grabs