- United States interrogators killed nearly four dozen
detainees during or after their interrogations, according a report published
by a human rights researcher based on a Human Rights First report and followup
- In all, 98 detainees have died while in US hands. Thirty-four
homicides have been identified, with at least eight detainees - and as
many as 12 - having been tortured to death, according to a 2006 Human Rights
First report that underwrites the researcher's posting. The causes of 48
more deaths remain uncertain.
- The researcher, John Sifton, worked for five years for
Human Rights Watch. In a posting Tuesday, he documents myriad cases of
detainees who died at the hands of their US interrogators. Some of the
instances he cites are graphic.
- Most of those taken captive were killed in Afghanistan
and Iraq. They include at least one Afghani soldier, Jamal Naseer, who
was mistakenly arrested in 2004. "Those arrested with Naseer later
said that during interrogations, US personnel punched and kicked them,
hung them upside down, and hit them with sticks or cables," Sifton
writes. "Some said they were doused with cold water and forced to
lie in the snow. Nasser collapsed about two weeks after the arrest, complaining
of stomach pain, probably an internal hemorrhage."
- Another Afghan killing occurred in 2002. Mohammad Sayari
was killed by four U.S. servicemembers after being detained for allegedly
"following their movements." A Pentagon document obtained by
the American Civil Liberties Union in 2005 said that the Defense Department
found a captain and three sergeants had 'murdered' Sayari, but the section
dealing with the department's probe was redacted.
- Perhaps the most macabre case occurred in Iraq, which
was documented in a Human Rights First report in 2006.
- "Nagem Sadoon Hatab a 52-year-old Iraqi, was killed
while in U.S. custody at a holding camp close to Nasiriyah," the group
- "Although a U.S. Army medical examiner found that
Hatab had died of strangulation, the evidence that would have been required
to secure accountability for his death Hatab's body was rendered
unusable in court. Hatab's internal organs were left exposed on an airport
tarmac for hours; in the blistering Baghdad heat, the organs were destroyed;
the throat bone that would have supported the Army medical examiner's findings
of strangulation was never found."
- In another graphic instance, a former Iraqi general was
beaten by US forces and suffocated to death. The military officer charged
in the death was given just 60 days house arrest.
- "Abed Hamed Mowhoush [was] a former Iraqi general
beaten over days by U.S. Army, CIA and other non-military forces, stuffed
into a sleeping bag, wrapped with electrical cord, and suffocated to death,"
Human Rights First writes.
- "In the recently concluded trial of a low-level
military officer charged in Mowhoush's death, the officer received a written
reprimand, a fine, and 60 days with his movements limited to his work,
home, and church."
- Another Iraqi man was killed in a US detention facility
on Mosul in 2003.
- "U.S. military personnel who examined Kenami when
he first arrived at the facility determined that he had no preexisting
medical conditions," the rights group writes. "Once in custody,
as a disciplinary measure for talking, Kenami was forced to perform extreme
amounts of exercise-a technique used across Afghanistan and Iraq. Then
his hands were bound behind his back with plastic handcuffs, he was hooded,
and forced to lie in an overcrowded cell. Kenami was found dead the morning
after his arrest, still bound and hooded. No autopsy was conducted; no
official cause of death was determined. After the Abu Ghraib scandal, a
review of Kenami's death was launched, and Army reviewers criticized the
initial criminal investigation for failing to conduct an autopsy; interview
interrogators, medics, or detainees present at the scene of the death;
and collect physical evidence. To date, however, the Army has taken no
known action in the case."
- Death from interrogation is hard to separate from simple
detainee death while in US custody. But one particular case stands out
that seems to have fallen by the wayside - the murder of CIA "ghost"
detainee named Manadel al-Jamadi, who was tortured to death by a CIA team
at Abu Ghraib in 2003.
- "Pictures of Abu Ghraib guards Charles Graner and
Sabrina Harman posing with al-Jamadi's dead body, the so-called Ice Man,
were among the most notorious of the Abu Ghraib photographs published in
April 2004," Sifton notes. "A CIA officer named Mark Swanner
and an interpreter led the team that interrogated al-Jamadi. Nine Navy
personnel were also implicated. An autopsy conducted by the U.S. military
five days after al-Jamadi's death found that the cause: "blunt force
injuries complicated by compromised respiration."
- "Reporting by The New Yorker's Jane Mayer and NPR's
John McChesney revealed that al-Jamadi was strung up from handcuffs behind
his back, a torture tactic sometimes called a 'Palestinian hanging,'"
he adds. "After an investigation, the CIA referred the case to the
Department of Justice for possible criminal prosecution of the CIA personnel
involved, but no charges were ever brought. Prosecutors accused 10 Navy
personnel of the crime; nine were given nonjudicial punishments, such as
rank reductions and letters of reprimand, and a 10th was acquitted."
- Additionally, Sifton notes the CIA may have had some
close calls with detainees nearly dying during interrogations: the May
10, 2005, Bush Administration torture memo by Stephen Bradbury notes that
doctors were nearby to perform a tracheotomy if during waterboarding the
suspect is approaching death.
- "Most seriously, for reasons of physical fatigue
of psychological resignation, the subject may simply give up, allowing
excessive filling of the airways and loss of consciousness," Bradbury
wrote. "An unresponsive subject should be righted immediately, and
the integrator should deliver a sub-xyphoid thrust to expel the water.
If this fails to restore normal breathing, aggressive medical intervention
- The memo says CIA doctors were on hand with necessary
equipment to perform a tracheotomy if necessary during waterboarding sessions:
"[W]e are informed that the necessary emergency medical equipment
is always present-although not visible to the detainee-during any application
of the waterboard."