- The last three weeks I have traveled about, taking the
pulse of the more forgotten areas of central California. I wanted to witness,
even if superficially, what is happening to a state that has the highest
sales and income taxes, the most lavish entitlements, the near-worst public
schools (based on federal test scores), and the largest number of illegal
aliens in the nation, along with an overregulated private sector, a stagnant
and shrinking manufacturing base, and an elite environmental ethos that
restricts commerce and productivity without curbing consumption.
- During this unscientific experiment, three times a week
I rode a bike on a 20-mile trip over various rural roads in southwestern
Fresno County . I also drove my car over to the coast to work, on various
routes through towns like San Joaquin , Mendota, and Firebaugh. And near
my home I have been driving, shopping, and touring by intent the rather
segregated and impoverished areas of Caruthers, Fowler, Laton, Orange Cove,
Parlier, and Selma . My own farmhouse is now in an area of abject poverty
and almost no ethnic diversity; the closest elementary school (my alma
mater, two miles away) is 94 percent Hispanic and 1 percent white, and
well below federal testing norms in math and English.
- Here are some general observations about what I saw (other
than that the rural roads of California are fast turning into rubble, poorly
maintained and reverting to what I remember seeing long ago in the rural
South). First, remember that these areas are the ground zero, so to speak,
of 20 years of illegal immigration. There has been a general depression
in farming - to such an extent that the 20- to-100-acre tree and vine farmer,
the erstwhile backbone of the old rural California , for all practical
purposes has ceased to exist.
- On the western side of the Central Valley , the effects
of arbitrary cutoffs in federal irrigation water have idled tens of thousands
of acres of prime agricultural land, leaving thousands unemployed. Manufacturing
plants in the towns in these areas - which used to make harvesters, hydraulic
lifts, trailers, food-processing equipment - have largely shut down; their
production has been shipped off overseas or south of the border. Agriculture
itself - from almonds to raisins - has increasingly become corporatized
and mechanized, cutting by half the number of farm workers needed. So unemployment
runs somewhere between 15 and 20 percent.
- Many of the rural trailer-house compounds I saw appear
to the naked eye no different from what I have seen in the Third World
. There is a Caribbean look to the junked cars, electric wires crisscrossing
between various outbuildings, plastic tarps substituting for replacement
shingles, lean-tos cobbled together as auxiliary housing, pit bulls unleashed,
and geese, goats, and chickens roaming around the yards. The public hears
about all sorts of tough California regulations that stymie business -
rigid zoning laws, strict building codes, constant inspections - but apparently
none of that applies out here.
- It is almost as if the more California regulates, the
more it does not regulate. Its public employees prefer to go after misdemeanors
in the upscale areas to justify our expensive oversight industry, while
ignoring the felonies in the downtrodden areas, which are becoming feral
and beyond the ability of any inspector to do anything but feel irrelevant.
But in the regulators' defense, where would one get the money to redo an
ad hoc trailer park with a spider web of illegal bare wires?
- Many of the rented-out rural shacks and stationary Winnebagos
are on former small farms - the vineyards overgrown with weeds, or torn
out with the ground lying fallow. I pass on the cultural consequences to
communities from the loss of thousands of small farming families. I don't
think I can remember another time when so many acres in the eastern part
of the valley have gone out of production, even though farm prices have
recently rebounded. Apparently it is simply not worth the gamble of investing
$7,000 to $10,000 an acre in a new orchard or vineyard. What an anomaly
- with suddenly soaring farm prices, still we have thousands of acres in
the world's richest agricultural belt, with available water on the east
side of the valley and plentiful labor, gone idle or in disuse. Is credit
frozen? Are there simply no more farmers? Are the schools so bad as to
scare away potential agricultural entrepreneurs? Or are we all terrified
by the national debt and uncertain future?
- California coastal elites may worry about the oxygen
content of water available to a three-inch smelt in the Sacramento-San
Joaquin River Delta, but they seem to have no interest in the epidemic
dumping of trash, furniture, and often toxic substances throughout California
's rural hinterland. Yesterday, for example, I rode my bike by a stopped
van just as the occupants tossed seven plastic bags of raw refuse onto
the side of the road. I rode up near their bumper and said in my broken
Spanish not to throw garbage onto the public road. But there were three
of them, and one of me. So I was lucky to be sworn at only. I note in passing
that I would not drive into Mexico and, as a guest, dare to pull over and
throw seven bags of trash into the environment of my host.
- In fact, trash piles are commonplace out here - composed
of everything from half-empty paint cans and children's plastic toys to
diapers and moldy food. I have never seen a rural sheriff cite a litterer,
or witnessed state EPA workers cleaning up these unauthorized wastelands.
So I would suggest to Bay Area scientists that the environment is taking
a much harder beating down here in central California than it is in the
Delta. Perhaps before we cut off more irrigation water to the west side
of the valley, we might invest some green dollars into cleaning up the
unsightly and sometimes dangerous garbage that now litters the outskirts
of our rural communities.
- We hear about the tough small-business regulations that
have driven residents out of the state, at the rate of 2,000 to 3,000 a
week. But from my unscientific observations these past weeks, it seems
rather easy to open a small business in California without any oversight
at all, or at least what I might call a "counter business." I
counted eleven mobile hot-kitchen trucks that simply park by the side of
the road, spread about some plastic chairs, pull down a tarp canopy, and,
presto, become mini-restaurants. There are no "facilities" such
as toilets or washrooms. But I do frequently see lard trails on the isolated
roads I bike on, where trucks apparently have simply opened their draining
tanks and sped on, leaving a slick of cooking fats and oils. Crows and
ground squirrels love them; they can be seen from a distance mysteriously
occupied in the middle of the road.
- At crossroads, peddlers in a counter-California economy
sell almost anything. Here is what I noticed at an intersection on the
west side last week: shovels, rakes, hoes, gas pumps, lawnmowers, edgers,
blowers, jackets, gloves, and caps. The merchandise was all new. I doubt
whether in high-tax California sales taxes or income taxes were paid on
any of these stop-and-go transactions.
- In two supermarkets 50 miles apart, I was the only one
in line who did not pay with a social-service plastic card (gone are the
days when "food stamps" were embarrassing bulky coupons). But
I did not see any relationship between the use of the card and poverty
as we once knew it: The electrical appurtenances owned by the user and
the car into which the groceries were loaded were indistinguishable from
those of the upper middle class.
- By that I mean that most consumers drove late-model Camrys,
Accords, or Tauruses, had iPhones, Bluetooths, or BlackBerries, and bought
everything in the store with public-assistance credit. This seemed a world
apart from the trailers I had just ridden by the day before. I don't editorialize
here on the logic or morality of any of this, but I note only that there
are vast numbers of people who apparently are not working, are on public
food assistance, and enjoy the technological veneer of the middle class.
California has a consumer market surely, but often no apparent source of
income. Does the $40 million a day supplement to unemployment benefits
from Washington explain some of this?
- Do diversity concerns, as in lack of diversity, work
both ways? Over a hundred-mile stretch, when I stopped in San Joaquin for
a bottled water, or drove through Orange Cove, or got gas in Parlier, or
went to a corner market in southwestern Selma, my home town, I was the
only non-Hispanic - there were no Asians, no blacks, no other whites. We
may speak of the richness of "diversity," but those who cherish
that ideal simply have no idea that there are now countless inland communities
that have become near-apartheid societies, where Spanish is the first language,
the schools are not at all diverse, and the federal and state governments
are either the main employers or at least the chief sources of income -
whether through emergency rooms, rural health clinics, public schools,
or social-service offices. An observer from Mars might conclude that our
elites and masses have given up on the ideal of integration and assimilation,
perhaps in the wake of the arrival of 11 to 15 million illegal aliens.
- Again, I do not editorialize, but I note these vast transformations
over the last 20 years that are the paradoxical wages of unchecked illegal
immigration from Mexico, a vast expansion of California's entitlements
and taxes, the flight of the upper middle class out of state, the deliberate
effort not to tap natural resources, the downsizing in manufacturing and
agriculture, and the departure of whites, blacks, and Asians from many
of these small towns to more racially diverse and upscale areas of California.
- Fresno 's California State University campus is embroiled
in controversy over the student body president's announcing that he is
an illegal alien, with all the requisite protests in favor of the DREAM
Act. I won't comment on the legislation per se, but again only note the
anomaly. I taught at CSUF for 21 years. I think it fair to say that the
predominant theme of the Chicano and Latin American Studies program's sizable
curriculum was a fuzzy American culpability. By that I mean that students
in those classes heard of the sins of America more often than its attractions..
In my home town, Mexican flag decals on car windows are far more common
than their American counterparts.
- I note this because hundreds of students here illegally
are now terrified of being deported to Mexico . I can understand that,
given the chaos in Mexico and their own long residency in the United States
. But here is what still confuses me: If one were to consider the classes
that deal with Mexico at the university, or the visible displays of national
chauvinism, then one might conclude that Mexico is a far more attractive
and moral place than the United States.
- So there is a surreal nature to these protests: something
like, "Please do not send me back to the culture I nostalgically praise;
please let me stay in the culture that I ignore or deprecate." I think
the DREAM Act protestors might have been far more successful in winning
public opinion had they stopped blaming the U.S. for suggesting that they
might have to leave at some point, and instead explained why, in fact,
they want to stay. What it is about America that makes a youth of 21 go
on a hunger strike or demonstrate to be allowed to remain in this country
rather than return to the place of his birth?
- I think I know the answer to this paradox. Missing entirely
in the above description is the attitude of the host, which by any historical
standard can only be termed "indifferent. " California does not
care whether one broke the law to arrive here or continues to break it
by staying. It asks nothing of the illegal immigrant - no proficiency in
English, no acquaintance with American history and values, no proof of
income, no record of education or skills. It does provide all the public
assistance that it can afford (and more that it borrows for), and apparently
waives enforcement of most of California 's burdensome regulations and
civic statutes that increasingly have plagued productive citizens to the
point of driving them out.
- How odd that we overregulate those who are citizens and
have capital to the point of banishing them from the state, but do not
regulate those who are aliens and without capital to the point of encouraging
millions more to follow in their footsteps. How odd - to paraphrase what
Critias once said of ancient Sparta - that California is at once both the
nation's most unfree and most free state, the most repressed and the wildest.
- Hundreds of thousands sense all that and vote accordingly
with their feet, both into and out of California - and the result is a
sort of social, cultural, economic, and political time-bomb, whose ticks
are getting louder.
- Victor Davis Hanson is a senior fellow at the Hoover
Institution, the editor of Makers of Ancient Strategy: From the Persian
Wars to the Fall of Rome, and the author of The Father of Us All: War and
History, Ancient and Modern.