- THE OFFICIAL VERSION OF THE
- According to the government/mass media,
a 4800 ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate plus Fuel Oil) bomb placed inside a rented
Ryder truck parked approximately 20/30 feet from the federal building exploded
at 9.02am, April 19, 1995. The bomb killed 168 people as well as injuring
over 500 others. The ANFO bomb demolished at least 25% of the Murrah building
and caused varying degrees of damage to a further 270 buildings in the
immediate vicinity of the bomb.
- At approximately 10.20am a State Trooper,
Charlie Hanger, stopped Timothy Mcveigh because his car wasn't displaying
a license plate. Hanger noticed a bulge under Mcveigh's arm. When questioned
about it McVeigh stated he had a gun, whereupon he gave it to Hanger. He
was subsequently arrested and taken to Noble County Jail. Before McVeigh
was released on bail the FBI, working in record time, turned up at the
jail approximately 48 hours later to interrogate McVeigh and later arrest
him as the prime suspect in the Oklahoma City bombing. Terry Nichols is
the other suspect and is being tried as a co-conspirator by the government.
The government's case is that Mcveigh was by himself on the day of the
bombing, Terry Nichols was in Herington, Kansas on April 19, 1995.
- EVIDENCE CONTRARY TO THE GOVERNMENT VERSION:
- TWO EXPLOSIONS
- Immediatley after the bombing witnesses
started reporting two distinct explosions. The government had changed the
weight of the bomb several times, starting at a 1000 pounds and moving
in varying degrees upward until they eventually decided on a 4800lb ANFO
- Charles Watts who was in the federal
Courthouse about a block away said he felt two distinct explosions, the
second one was far more powerful than the first, and followed immediatley
- Micheal Hinton was riding a transit bus
a short distance from the federal building when the explosions occurred.
Hinton said at first the bus rocked, then six or seven seconds later it
rocked again, this time he thought the bus was going to turn over.
- Dr. Ray brown, senior geologist for the
Oklahoma Geological Survey at the University of Oklahma, spoke of a witness
account in which a secretary who was in the federal building at the time
of the bombing had time to stand up after the building shook and a winow
cracked. Glass then blew inward and she was thrown across the room into
the lap of her boss. The glass being blown inward cannot be attributed
to a reversal of the initial blast. It is possible that a blast wave reversal
from a second far more powerful blast from inside the building could of
caused the window to blow inward. In any event the fact is that this witness'
account is still evidence of two explosions.
- The government and mass media have seized
on arbitrarily assig5ning sound waves, blast waves and sock fronts in an
effort to "technically" counter the many witnesses who have
attested to two distinct explosions. Without getting into a complicated
treatise of this subject the fact remains that numerous witnesses several
miles from the bombing have said they heard two blasts, and at that distance
they would of been unaffected by the above mentioned explanation.
- GENERAL PARTIN AND OTHER BOMB EXPERTS'
- Brigadier General Benton K. Partin, U.S.
Air Force, retired, has 25 years experience in explosives and ballistic
weapons design and testing. General Partin also served as the Commander
of the Air Force Armament Technology Laboratory. Partin has this to say:
- "When I first saw the picture of
the truck bomb's assymetrical damage to the Federal building in Oklahoma,
my immediate reaction was that the pattern of damage would of been technically
impossible without supplementary demolition charges at some of the reinforced
concrete bases inside the building, a standard demolition technique. For
a simplistic blast truck bomb, of the size and composition reported, to
be able to reach out on the order of 60 feet and collapse a reinforced
column base the size of column A7 is beyond credulity." General Partin
further explained that;
- "The total incompatability with
a single truck bomb lies in the fact that either some columns collapsed
that should not have collapsed or some of the columns are still standing
that should of collapsed and did not."
- "Reinforced concrete targets in
large buildings are hard targets to blast. I know of no way possible to
reproduce the apparent building damage through simply a truck bomb effort."
- "It is easy to determine whether
a column was failed by contact demolition charges or by blast loading (such
as a truck bomb)," Partin wrote in his letter to Congress. "It
is also easy to cover up crucial evidence as was apparently done in Waco.
I understand that the building is to be demolished by May 23rd or 24th.
Why the rush to destroy the evidence?"
- He concudes; "This is a massive
cover-up of immense proportions."
- The statement below is made by an Israeli
terrorist expert who used his experience with bombings in the Middle East.
In making his deductions he used film footage of the bombing just hours
- "It is clear that they used certain
methods which were used in the Middle East. I mean using a car bomb, putting
it in front of the building, and maybe planting inside the building itself
. My feeling is that it was not just an explosion outside, which is clear
it was outside as well, but also inside the building. So it is more than
one man. It's a network."
- Sam Gronning, a professional blaster
for more than thirty years, says;
- "I have been a blaster for over
thirty years and there is no doubt in my mind that ANFO could not of been
by itself the medium for that powerful an explosion....even enhanced at
that distance, I doubt that an external explosion could of created that
extensive damage at the reported weight of the bomb."
- "My knowledge comes from practical
handling of explosives," added Gronning. "And my belief is that
4800 lbs of ANFO wouldn't have scuffed the paint on the building."
- "No truck bomb of ANFO out in the
open is going to cause that kind of damage we had there...In thirty years
of blasting, using everything from 100 percent nitrogel to ANFO, I've not
seen anything to support that story...I have set off 16000 pounds of ANFO
and was standing upright just 1,000 feet away from the blast."
- Gronning went on to say that even a bomb
that big wouldn't of caused the damage seen at the Murrah building.
- Dr. Roger Raubach, who has a Ph.D in
physical chemistry and is now the technical director of a chemical company
has this to say;
- "I don't care if they pulled up
a semi-trailoer with twenty tons of ammonium nitrate; it wouldn't do the
damage we saw there."
- Yet Rick Sherrow, who wrote an article
for Soldier of Fortune magazine entitled "Bombast,Bomb Blasts &
Baloney," contends that the general's assessment of the bombing is
somehow inaccurate. Sherrow claims that the pressure wave that would have
struck the building from the [rapidly deteriorating] blast of the ANFO
bomb (375 p.s.i. according to Partin's figures) would be more than enough
to destroy reinforced concrete columns, which Sherrow claimed in his article
disintegrate at 30 p.s.i. (pounds per square inch).
- Sam Gronning doesn't concur. "That's
bullshit!!" exclaimed Gronning. "Thirty p.s.i. wouldn't take
out a rubber tire!"
- Citizens monitoring police radios heard
the following conversation on the morning of the 19th: First voice: "Boy,
you're not gonna' believe this!" Second voice: "Believe what?"
First voice: "I can't believe it; this is a military bomb!"
- When J.D. Cash, a journalist writing
for the McCurtain County Gazette,, tried to interview members of the Bomb
Squad, Fire Department and Police, he was generally told by potential interviewees,
"I saw a lot that day, I wish I hadn't. I have a wife, a job, a family,
I've been threatened, we've been told not to talk about the devices."
- The most amount of force produced by
even a perfectly made ANFO bomb weighing 4800 pounds, is 1,457 psi by the
time it hit the glass of the Federal building. It's a law of physics that
the destructive capabilities of a bomb fall off dramatically only a few
feet from the blast.
- By the time the blast front made contact
with the column nearest to the bomb, the pressure would have decreased
to 375 psi, far below the 5,600 psi compressive yield strength of concrete.
Even using General Partins very conservative figure of 3,500 psi for the
compressive yield strength of concrete, you would still require nine times
the potential damage pressure from the bomb at that distance. Furthermore,
the government would have us believe that the same bomb was able to blast
through an additional seven major concrete columns. If we are to believe
the absolute absurdity of the governments "science", then we
should also endorse the practices of voodoo and witchcraft, for they both
have the same amount of credibility.
- Simply stated, it is a physical, chemical
and thermodynamic impossibility for a 4800 pound ANFO bomb, at a distance
of approximately 20 feet away, to of inflicted the kind of damage the government
said it did.
- As reported widely on CNN & news
stations across the nation on the day of the bombing, up to four primed
bombs were found inside the building by bomb detecting dogs:the BATF(Bureau
of Alchohol Tobacco and Firearms)later said they were dummy bombs, but
why would bomb sniffing dogs find, or be needed to locate dummy bombs which
are clearly marked as such: furthermore why would munitions technicians
spend so much time diffusing "dummy" bombs?? KFOR-TV said that
another bomb had been located strapped to a column next to the day-care
- "Around the noon hour, Channel 4
had as their guest Dr. Randall Heather, a terrorist expert. Dr. Heather
stated: "We got luck today, if you can consider anything about this
tragedy lucky. We have both of the bombs that were defused at the site
and they are being taken apart. We will be able to find out how they were
made, and possibly who made them. These bombs are very sophisticated high
explosives with maybe a little fertilizer damped around them.'"
- The Oklahoma city bombing has earned
the nickname "Mannlicher-Carcano Bomb,"after the cheap Italian-made
rifle with a defective scope that was allegedly used to kill President
Kennedy. Attorney Jim Garrison joked that the governments nuclear physics
laboratory could explain how a single bullet could travel through President
Kennedy & Governor Connally five times while making several u-turns,
then turns up in pristine condition ( an event that every firearms expert
in the world has never been able to duplicate )on a hospital gurny.
- In the Oklahoma bombing case it seems
the government is attempting to perform a similar feat of light and magic.
The fact is that a non-directional, low velocity 4800 pound ANFO bomb,
parked 20-30 feet from a modern steel-reinforced super-structure could
never of caused the pattern or degree of damage thet they say it did.
- MAKING A 4800 POUND ANFO BOMB
- In an article entitled "The Bomb
Lurking in the Garden Shed", which appeared in Time magazine on May
1 1995, it described ammonium nitrate as either a benign fertilizer, or
when mixed with fuel oil suddenly becomes a "deadly bomb." They
go onto explain that your only requirements to build an ANFO bomb is "a
basic understanding of chemistry, skill at bomb making and some technical
know-how to jury-rig a few key components."
- What they ommitted to say was that 34-0-0
Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer, the type supposedly used in the bomb, is nowhere
near as powerfull as the explosive grade of A.N. Ammonium Nitrate is so
insensitive it cannot be used alone as an explosives. A non-electrical
or electrical blasting cap will not set off an ANFO bomb; dynamite or TNT
are usually used with blasting caps to detonate ANFO. One military manual
suggests using one pound of TNT for every fifty pounds of fertilizer.
- To build and blow up a 4800 pound ANFO
bomb, using approximately 25 containers linked together, requires great
technical ablity; you need to be an expert in explosives. Mcveigh didn't
have the expertise to build such a sophisticated bomb. The prosecution
alleged that Mcveigh built such a large and complex bomb in a few short
hours, whereas experts say it would have taken days.
- Two of the many important witnesses who
weren't called by the government were James Sargeant and Georgia Rucker.
James said (in a July 1996 interview for Media Bypass) that he had seen,
along with Georgia Rucker, several unidentified men crawling in and out
of the cargo area of a Ryder truck which was backed up to the lake at Geary
State park, Kansas. This took place for three days beginning April 10 1995.
The prosecution admits Mcveigh was in kingman, Arizona at the time. Could
the unidentified men be the real bomb makers? This possibility, along with
the fact that the government was only trying McVeigh and Nicholls for the
bombing (Fortier is accused of other charges), they didn't want to complicate
matters by introducing evidence of other co-conspiators. They want to keep
it simple, even if there is a huge amount of evidence to the contrary.
- ILLEGALLY STORED EXPLOSIVES
- According to Oklahoma City assistant
Fire Marshall, Dick Miller, and other eyewiness reports, high explosives
were removed from the building after the blast. The bomb squad apparently
removed a 2-cubic-foot box that contained what was said to be detonators
for C-4 plastic explosives. The box was detonated and Miller said it was
definitly high explosives.
- A civilian contractor hired by the GSA,
told the Gazette: "They had everything! home-made zip guns, AK-47s,
sawed-off shotguns, AR-15s, M-16s-literally hundreds of guns. You name
it, they had it all any kind of weapon you could ever want." He also
said he recalls seeing an ATF agent with a five-gallon bucket of hand-grenades.
- Witnesses even attested to seeing a TOW
(anti-tank missile) removed from the building. These weapons were allegedly
stored illegally on the 9th floor, the offices of the ATF. The FBI and
ATF said the explosives removed were training devices.
- But this seems to be another lie, because
the McCurtain Daily gazette obtained a film from the sherriffs department,
showing federal officials removing munitions from the federal building
weeks after the bombing. On the film, the feds yelled at the local police
to leave the area because they didn't want any witnesses.
- Some people have speculated that the
ANFO bomb outside set off the illegally stored explosives inside the Murrah
building. This is totally wrong, and for the exact same reasons given for
the ANFO bomb not being able to collapse eight columns. The ATF offices
were on the ninth floor and on the opposite side from the ANFO bomb; the
ATF's office wouldn't of been affected at all by a single 4800 pound ANFO
bomb parked outside the building.
- PRIOR KNOWLEDGE
- On May 23, the day the federal building
was demolished, Edye Smith, in a live interview on CNN, stated, "There's
a lot of questions that have been left unanswered. We're being told to
keep our mouths shut, not to talk about it, don't ask those questions..."
- CNN's Gary Truchmann asked Smith to describe
the nature of the questions.
- "We, along with hundreds of thousands
of other people want to know, where was the ATF the morning of April 19th?
All of their employees survived. They were supposed to be the target of
this explosion and where were they...? Did they have a warning sign? I
mean, did they think it might be a bad day to go in the office?"
- They had an option not to go to work
that day," Smith continued, "and my kids didn't get that option,
nobody else in the building got that option. And we're just asking questions,
we're not making accusations. We just want to know why and they're telling
us, 'Keep your mouth shut, don't talk about it.'"
- Truchmann quickly ended the interview.
- Glenn and Kathy Wilburn lost two grandchildren
in the bombing. Glenn had begun investigating the bombing personally and
much of what he was finding out was very disturbing.
- On the afternoon the building was demolished,
Wilburn reveived a call from U.S. Attorney Patrick Ryan. Ryan wanted to
speak with him and the family.
- "They wanted to set our minds at
ease that there wasn't anything sinister going on," said Wilburn.
- Two days later Smith and Wilburn were
visited by an entourage of federal agents, including Patrick Ryan.
- "They all came in and sat down and
said 'We want to answer your questions and make you feel good.' I said
fine. Then I looked them right in the eyes and said, 'You guys had no indication
that April 19 could be a dangerous day down there?' They both answered,
- "Well, two hours later I turned
on the TV, and CNN is interviewing ATF director John Magaw. the interview
starts out, "Mr. Magaw, based on the significance of April 19th, did
you take any precautions?'"
- 'Yes, we were aware of the significance
of April 19th, and we took precautions at all of our offices across the
- "Well, if there was ever a point
that I was hooked into this thing, and there was nothing that was gonna'
stop me," recalls Wilburn, "that was it...because by God, somebody
lied that morning."
- Two months later, Edye Smith and Kathy
Wilburn had their workers' Compensation checks cut off. Out of 462 federal
employees affected by the blast, they were the only two employees who were
- The television station KFOR in Oklahoma
conducted an in depth investigation of the bombing. In some interviews
witnesses insisted on their faces being kept in shadow for fear of BATF/FBI
reprisals. One man, later identified as Bruce Shaw, said he arrived at
the Murrah building just moments after the blast and immediatly started
searching for his wife who worked there. The witness found an ATF agent
and asked him if he would help in locating his wife. The agent said the
other agents were in a debriefing. He also said "they'd (BATF) been
tipped by their pagers not to come to work that day." The witnesses
boss was with him and confirmed the account. Another witness interviewed
by KFOR said she asked asked an ATF agent if any other ATF agents were
in the building and was told they weren't at the office the morning of
- The ATF eventually responded to these
allegations: here's a part of what Lester D. Martz, Special Agent-in-Charge
of the Dallas ATF office had to say;
- "ATF's resident Agent in charge
Alex McCauley was with a DEA agent in the elevator when the bomb exploded.
The elevator dropped free fall from the eighth floor to the third. The
two men were trapped in the smoke filled elevator...they managed to break
through the doors...The agents made their way to the stairwell and brought
with them 10 or 15 people they found along the way...."
- Unknown to Martz, the Midwestern elevator
Company had been scheduled to perform routine inspections at the Murrah
building on the day of the bombing. Within minutes of the bombing several
inspectors were at the building. The ATF's story was quickly exposed as
a total fabrication by elevator technician Duane James, who described the
story as "pure fantasy." First of all the cables weren't cut,
so it was impossible for the elevators to of "free fallen." None
of the doors were forced open and safety switches to prevent excessive
speed remained in place. Another important point is that the agents would
of sustained serious injuries from a five story free fall. They wouldn't
of been able to help any other people anyway.
- These are the kind of gutless self-serving
lies that the ATF will readily serve up to gain undeserved praise, and
also to attempt to cover-up the fact that there were no ATF agents in the
building at the time of the explosion.
- The ABC program 20/20 recently reported
(1/17/97, once in a blue moon the media does something half right: they
still misrepresented General Partin by not informing the public of his
impeccable credentials) on it's seven month investigation into the claim
of prior knowledge of the bombing by the government. Tom Jarriel said;
- "For seven months 20/20 has looked
into just that question and we have found solid facts which tend to support...suspicions
(of prior knowledge). Our investigation uncovered eyewitnesses and government
documents which show a lot of unusual activity was going on behind the
scene shortly before the explosion occurred."
- 20/20 interviewed several eye witnesses
who saw the Oklahoma County Bomb Squad truck across the street from the
Murrah building shortly before the blast. 20/20 also displayed several
local publications in which witnesses reported having seen the Bomb Squad
before the blast.
- MASS MEDIA Special Edition of the Oklahoma
County Assessors Newsletter. By J.D. Reed
- As usual, I pulled into the parking garage
about 7.30 and made my way into our office building. Although it was unusual
to see the Oklahoma County Bomb Disposal Unit parked outside the court-house,
I assumed it was routine business and thought no more of it. The Oklahoma
County Sheriffs Department claims that a bomb squad truck was outside prior
to the bombing because a deputy was using it for "routine errands."
Another eyewitness, Claude Fritz told 20/20, "the presence of law
enforcement was in the air, it was everywhere downtown that morning."
Fritz also said he saw several fire trucks speeding towards the Murrah
building moments before the blast. When another ABC program, Extra, contacted
the Oklahoma City Fire department to ask them about Fritz's claim, they
said "We can't really confirm or deny that claim."
- U.S. District Judge Wayne Alley, whose
office was in the federal courthouse across the street form the Murrah
building, told the daily newspaper, The Oregonian (04/20/95);
- "Let me say that within the past
two or three weeks, information has been disseminated...that indicated
concerns on the part of people who ought to know that we ought to be a
little bit more careful."
- Judge Alley didn't come to work that
day, he also didn't bring his grandchildren to the day care center in the
Murrah building. Judge Alley has since refused to repeat these comments
or allow himself to be interviewed again. Dana Cooper, director of the
day care center, who was killed in the blast, received numerous bomb threats,
which she reported to several government agencies. At 9am sharp, some FBI
agents normally brought their children to the day care center, while they
conducted business in the building, but this wasn't done on the day of
- THE STING OPERATION
- Lester Martz, regional head of the ATF
confirmed that there was a sting operation the night before the bombing,
but he wouldn't confirm if the sting operation was related to the bombing.
The ATF had apparently been staking out the Murrah building at 3.30am.
Some people have speculated that the bombing was a sting operation that
backfired. I find it very difficult to believe the ATF could be that inept.
Even if it's true, this still doesn't explain the charges placed inside
the building, according to General Partin's analysis.