- 1.1 Hypersonic Attack Aircraft A high-speed
strike vehicle capable of projecting lethal force anywhere in the world
in less than four hours. Operating at Mach 12 and a cruise altitude of
100,000 ft, this vehicle is a reusable two-stage system comprised of an
unmanned boost vehicle and a manned hypersonic strike aircraft. The gas
turbine-engined boost vehicle requires a conventional runway and accelerates
the strike vehicle to Mach 3.5 and 65,000 ft. The strike vehicle then separates
and uses a ramjet/scramjet engine to reach its cruise condition. The total
system range is 10,000 nautical miles (NM); the hypersonic strike vehicle
has an unrefueled range of 5,000 NM. It is capable of launching precision-guided
munitions, including the hypersonic air-to-ground missile described in
system 5.4, at a standoff distance of 1,450 NM. Alternatively, the platform
may be used to transport an uninhabited unmanned air vehicle described
in system 4.2.
- 1.2 FotoFighter A highly maneuverable,
stealthy, inhabited advanced fighter aircraft whose skin is fitted with
an array of diode lasers and sensors. Efficient electronic control of the
laser arrays allows this fighter to engage multiple targets simultaneously
with varying degrees of lethality. At low powers, the arrays can function
as transmitters and receivers for low probability of interception (LPI)
communications. Threat detection, target illumination, and tracking are
- 1.3 Container Aircraft An aircraft consisting
of an airlifter in which standard shipping containers form integral structures
of the fuselage. The aircraft consists of three baseline sections: the
cockpit, the wingbox, and the empennage. In its simplest form, the "short"
version-the aircraft is capable of flight by joining the cockpit, wingbox,
and empennage directly together. With standard shipping containers installed
between the cockpit and wingbox and between the wingbox and the empennage,
the aircraft can be configured to carry cargo ("stretch" version).
The first wave of container aircraft to arrive in a theater of operations
"disassembled." The cockpit then forms a command and control
facility, the aircraft engines generate the base power, the wings provide
fuel storage, and the containers themselves (when empty) provide shelter
for troops, supplies, and equipment. This concept provides a mobile base.
- 1.4 Lighter-than-Air Airlifter A very
large capacity, rigid-frame lighter-than-air vehicle that provides one
million pound airlift capability with a unrefueled range of 1,2500 NM.
This vehicle also has the ability to deploy and recover powered UAVs while
stationary or in-transit. Vehicle is able to house support materiel, personnel,
and MEDVAC modules depending upon mission requirements.
- 1.5 Supersonic Airlifter A Mach 2.4 supersonic
airlifter that provides 50,000 pound airlift capability with a unrefueled
range of 5,000 NM. This vehicle provides the capability to deliver military
personnel (roughly 150), advanced precision weapons, and appropriate resupply
anywhere in the world within hours.
- 1.6 Stealth Airlifter (SA) An all-weather,
low-observable aircraft capable of low supersonic cruise and dedicated
to special operations forces (SOF). With an unrefueled range up to 4,000
NM, it can be used to insert and extract SOF teams, as well as to extract
high value assets (HVA) and weapons of mass destruction. The SA connected
to a global information management system (say, GIMS System 8.1) for all
source intelligence, weather, navigation, and communications.
- 1.7 Global Transport Aircraft (GTA) A
global reach transport airplane of less than one million pounds take off
gross weight, capable of carrying 150,000-250,000 pounds 12,000 to 10,000
NM respectively. This vehicle also can deploy powered UAVs and parafoils.
The GTA house support materiel, personnel, and MEDVAC modules, depending
upon mission requirements. This aircraft also be modified for use as a
- 2.1 Strike UAV A low-observable, uninhabited
air vehicle that loiters subsonically over the region of interest for long
periods of time (24+ hours) until directed to strike. Its primary mission
is to engage ground targets with standoff precision munitions; however,
it also has a limited air-to-air capability. It relies on off-board sensors
to supply reconnaissance and targeting information as well as command and
control, although it has sufficient on-board sensor capability to allow
it to perform preprogrammed missions.
- 2.2 Reconnaissance UAV An uninhabited
reconnaissance aerial vehicle (URAV) that can be employed either as an
independent system or in conjunction with other airborne, ground-based,
and spaceborne systems. The URAV is fitted with a variety of multispectral
sensors, such as infrared, optical, radar, and laser, and collects images,
signals intelligence (SIGINT), electronic intelligence (ELINT), and other
information. It loiters subsonically at very high altitudes over the region
of interest for extended periods of time without refueling. The URAV also
can be used as part of a bistatic configuration, in which it illuminates
the region of interest while different sensors receive and process the
- 2.3 Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV)
A vehicle that can be employed either as an independent system or in conjunction
with other airborne, ground-based, and space- based systems. It carries
a suite of multispectral sensors (optical, infrared, radar, laser, etc.)
supplies information to its suite of standoff precision guided munitions.
UCAV loiters at high altitude over the region of interest for long periods
of time (24+ hours) until called upon to strike a target. While in its
subsonic loiter mode, it can perform a surveillance and reconnaissance
mission for the Global Information Management System (System 8.1). It could
be used as part of a bistatic configuration in which it illuminates a region
of interest while a different sensor receives and processes the information.
As a secondary mission, it can perform electronic countermeasures (ECM)
and electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) roles.
- 2.4 Precision Delivery System A suite
of powered and parafoil UAVs capable of autonomous flight for the purpose
of all-weather precision (within 1 meter) airdrop. High altitude (40,000
ft) precision airdrops can be achieved using GPS or INS-guided parafoil
delivery systems. This technique allows equipment/supplies to be delivered
to forward-deployed forces while transport aircraft remain hundreds of
miles from the drop zone. Positions can be determined using light detection
and ranging (LIDAR) or a GPS instrumented radio drop sound. Powered UAVs
and deliver smaller, high value packages from greater standoff ranges.
- 2.5 UAV Mothership A large capacity,
long-loiter-time, uninhabited subsonic air vehicle used to deploy and recover
smaller combat UAVs. It also can replenish them with weapons and propellant.
This air vehicle has the ability to collect, convert and store solar energy,
and then transfer energy through physical means or via beaming to other
airborne vehicles such as the FotoFighter (System 1.2).
- 2.6 Exfiltration Rocket (ER) A system
designed to quickly extract special operations forces (SOF) teams from
the mission area. This system would be brought in during the SOF insertion
and assembled at the exfiltration launch site. After mission completion,
the SOF team members load themselves and any other items, such as a high
value asset (HVA) or weapon of mass destruction (WMD), into the ER and
then take off. The payload and passengers are recovered via an air-retrievable
payload system or through a "soft" landing in a friendly area.
- 3.1 Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV)
An uninhabited orbital propulsion and docking system used to take payloads
from an earth-to-orbit lift vehicle and place them in their final orbital
plane, or used to fetch and return orbiting payloads to a central repair
and recovery location. The system is be capable of carrying line replaceable
units (LRU) to a damaged/degraded satellite and accomplishing on-site repair
or replacement. It is designed to allow refueling of civil, commercial,
and military satellites as well as the rearming of military space weapons
- 3.2 Orbital Combat Vehicle (OCV) An uninhabited
orbital propulsion and docking system used to take payloads from an earth-to-orbit
lift vehicle and place them in their final orbital plane, or used to fetch
and return orbiting payloads to a central repair and recovery location.
The system can also carry line replaceable units to a damaged/ degraded
satellite and accomplish on-site repair or replacement. It is designed
to allow refueling of civil, commercial, and military satellites as well
as the rearming of military space weapons platforms. The OCV is fitted
with a medium power high- energy laser system for limited defense and counterspace
- 3.3 Satellite Bodyguards A small constellation
of defensive satellites (approximately five) placed in close proximity
to the protected asset. "Hunter-killers" actively seek out threats
and incapacitate them with directed energy weapons. Detection of threats
from the surface or air is done by an off-board sensor suite (say, systems
8.1 or 8.2) and supplied to the "hunter-killer" satellites. Detection
of space-based threats is done by the "hunter-killer" satellites
themselves. Decoy satellites appear identical (both electromagnetic and
visual) to the protected assets to confuse an aggressor; when approached,
the decoy can impact and disable the enemy craft.
- 4.1 Piloted SSTO Transatmospheric Vehicle
A system that provides space support and global reach from the earth's
surface to low-earth orbit (LEO) using a combination of rocket and hypersonic
air-breathing technology. The transatmospheric vehicle (TAV) takes off
vertically, is refuelable in either air or space, and can land on a conventional
runway. It has a variable payload capacity (up to 10,000 pounds) and performs
as both a sensor and weapons platform. Alternate missions include satellite
deployment and retrieval from LEO and deployment of an anti-ASAT weapon.
- 4.2 Uninhabited Air-Launched Transatmospheric
Vehicle A multirole transatmospheric vehicle (TAV). Launched from an airborne
platform (such as System 1.1), it is capable of rapid deployment (or retrieval)
of satellites providing communication links, intelligence information,
and so forth. It carries a suite of multispectral sensors (optical, infrared,
radar, laser, etc.) for surveillance and reconnaissance missions. This
TAV is a rocket-powered vehicle approximately the size of an F-15, capable
of carrying several small satellites (6 ft x 6 ft x 6 ft, 1000 lbs each)
to low earth orbit. Further, it could perform an antisatellite (ASAT) role.
This TAV can land on a conventional runway.
- 5.1 Adjustable Yield Munition (AYM) An
approach to achieve precise matching of the weapon's effect to the target's
characteristics. By manipulating the explosive yield of a weapon (i.e.,
"dial-a-yield"), together can greatly reduce collateral damage.
This is particularly advantageous when flexibility and precision are both
required: a platform on patrol, awaiting targets of opportunity, can utilize
the same weapon for a hard kill with a large yield or for a surgical, mission-only
kill with a tailored yield. One approach to controlling the yield is to
change the material composition of the explosive at the molecular level.
- 5.2 Advanced Air-to-Air Missile A long
range air-to-air missile that receives real-time target information from
off-board sensors and utilizes reactive jets and an on-board computer to
acquire, pursue and destroy enemy air assets, including cruise missiles.
Terminal tracking and guidance may employ a combination of LIDAR, Infrared
(IR), radio frequency (RF), magnetic anomaly detection (MAD), Jet engine
modulation (JEM), photographic, and acoustic sensors.
- 5.3 Airborne High-Power Microwave Weapon
A pulsed power airborne high power microwave (HPM) system. This medium
range weapons system constitutes the primary payload of the host escort
defense aircraft. The system generates variable magnitude HPM fields that
disrupt or destroy electrical components in the target region. It can engage
both air and ground targets.
- 5.4 Standoff Hypersonic Missile An hypersonic
air-to-ground missile launched from a hypersonic strike vehicle (System
1.1). It utilizes a scramjet to propel itself at Mach 8 toward the intended
high-value target, then glides to target at Mach 4; its flight trajectory
is altered as needed via off-board control. Its high-speed air-launched
range is 1,450 NM.
- 5.5 Attack Microbots A term that describes
a class of highly miniaturized (1 millimeter scale) electromechanical systems
being deployable en masse and performing individual or collective target
attack. Various deployment approaches are possible, including dispersal
as an aerosol, transportation by a larger platform, and full flying/crawling
autonomy. Attack is accomplished by a variety of robotic effectors, electromagnetic
measures, or energetic materials. Some "sensor microbot" capabilities
are required for target acquisition and analysis.
- 5.6 Airborne Holographic Projector A
projector system that displays a three-dimensional visual image in a desired
location, removed from the display generator. The projector can be used
for psychological operations and strategic perception management. It is
also useful for optical deception and cloaking, providing a momentary distraction
when engaging an unsophisticated adversary.
- 5.7 Hybrid High-energy Laser System (HHELS)
A system consisting of several ground-based, multimegawatt high-energy
chemical lasers and a constellation of space-based mirrors. HHELS can be
used in several modes of operation. In its weapons mode with the laser
at high power, it engages air, space, and ground targets by reflecting
a laser beam off one or more of the mirrors to the intended target. It
can also be used for target tracking, limited space debris removal (1-10
centimeter objects), and replenishment of satellites.
- 6.1 Global Area Strike System (GLASS)
A system incorporating of a high-energy laser (HEL) system, a kinetic energy
weapon (KEW) system, and a transatmospheric vehicle (TAV). The HEL system
consists of ground-based lasers and space-based mirrors which direct energy
to the intended target. The KEW system (System 6.2) consists of terminally
guided projectiles, with and without explosive enhancers. The TAV (System
4.1) is a flexible platform capable of supporting maintenance and replenishment
of the HEL and KEW space assets, and can also be used for rapid deployment
of special operations forces. Target definition and sequencing is managed
externally (e. g., using GIMS (System 8.1)).
- 6.2 Space-Based Kinetic Energy Weapon
(KEW) A general class of low earth orbit (LEO) based weapons that include
a variety of warhead types from flechettes and pellets to large and small
high density rods. The KEW may be directed at air, space, and ground targets;
it achieves its destructive effect by penetrating the target at hypervelocity.
Sensor information is provided to the KEW by a main sensor suite off-board
of the vehicle (such as GSRT [System 8.2] or GIMS [System 8.1]). However,
each armament has a minimal sensor capability (e. g., GPS receiver) and
a simple flight control system for maneuver.
- 6.3 Space-Based High Power Microwave
Weapon (HPM) A weapon system capable of engaging ground, air, and space
targets with a varying degree of lethality. It consists of a constellation
of satellites deployed in low-earth orbit (LEO) (approx. 500 NM) that can
direct an ultrawideband (UWB) of microwave energy at ground, air, and space
targets. Its effect is to generate high electric fields over a target area
tens to hundreds of meters in size, thereby disrupting or destroying any
electronic components present.
- 6.4 Space-Based High-energy Laser (HEL)
System A multimegawatt high-energy chemical laser constellation that can
be used in several modes of operation. In its weapons mode with the laser
at high power, it can attack ground, air, and space targets. In its surveillance
mode, it can operate using the laser at low power levels for active illumination
imaging or with the laser inoperative for passive imaging.
- 6.5 Solar-Powered High-energy Laser System
A space-based, multimegawatt, high-energy solar-powered laser constellation
that can be used in several modes of operation. In its weapons mode with
the laser at high power, it can attack ground, air, and space targets.
In its surveillance mode, it can operate using the laser at low power levels
for active illumination imaging, or with the laser inoperative for passive
- 6.6 Solar Energy Optical Weapon (SEOW)
A constellation of space-based mirrors which allow solar radiation to be
focused on specific ground, air, or space targets. The lethality of this
system is limited, due to optical diffusion; however, it may prove useful
for disruption or perhaps weather control.
- 6.7 Asteroid Mitigation System A system
that protects the Earth/Moon system from Earth- crossing objects (ECOs)
by either deflecting or fragmenting ECOs such that they no longer pose
a threat. Deflection could be accomplished using nuclear explosive devices.
- 7.1 Spoken Language Translator A hand-held
or worn device that translates oral communications in near real-time. It
enhances multinational operational effectiveness in all areas, including
training, diplomacy, special operations, and conventional ground operations.
It is capable of one-for-one word substitution in a wide variety of languages,
and it provides two-way communications between the owner and another person.
The system has a limited ability to compensate for differences in sentence
syntactic structures, cultures, dialects, and idioms/slang, and a limited
ability to select words according to context. Careful placement of both
microphones and both speakers is required for deconfliction (not having
to hear both languages simultaneously), limiting the scope of its operation;
the system is best suited for controlled two-way communications such as
by telephone, radio, or computer. The system also is useful for written
- 7.2 Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)
An individual's connection to the information systems of 2025. This assistant
is a hand-held or wristwatch size unit. Input modes include both touch
and voice. The PDA is the warrior's secure, high-capacity connection to
the distributed C4I system. The PDA maintains the owner's personal data
such as medical and training records. It learns and remembers the owner's
preferences and needs so that requests for information are properly tailored.
It is self-securing: it recognizes the owner through a number of biometrics
which ensures that it cannot be commandeered. In short, the PDA is a single
device replaces the cellular telephone, radio, personal computer, identification
and banking cards, and any other personal information- management device
of the nineties.
- 7.3 Virtual Interaction Center A virtual
reality environment in which commanders can immerse themselves in a three-dimensional
representation of the battlespace. Information from a global information
system, such as GIMS (System 8.1) is displayed in a virtual reality environment,
giving the commander situational awareness. The center also has the capability
to replay battles and engagements and to simulate "what if" scenarios.
- 8.1 Global Information Management System
(GIMS) A pervasive network of intelligent information gathering, processing,
analysis, and advisory nodes. It collects, stores, analyzes, fuses, and
manages information from ground/air/space sensors and all source intelligence.
All types of sensors (i.e., acoustic, optical, radio frequency, olfactory,
etc.) are used. However, the true power of this system is its use of neural
processing to provide the right type of information based on the user's
- 8.2 Global Surveillance, Reconnaissance,
and Targeting System (GSRT) A space-based omnisensorial collection, processing,
and dissemination system to provide a real-time information database. This
database is used to create a virtual-reality image of the area of interest.
This image can be used at all levels of command to provide situational
awareness, technical and intelligence information, and two-way command
- 8.3 Sensor Microbots A class of highly
miniaturized (millimeter sized) electromechanical air and ground systems
capable of being deployed en masse to collect data, perform individual
and collective data fusion, and communicate that data for further processing
and distribution. Various deployment approaches are possible, including
dispersal as an aerosol, transportation by a larger platform, and full
flying/crawling autonomy. Data collection is accomplished through miniaturized
onboard sensors, typically restricted to one or two sensors per unit due
to size and power limitations. Communications are possible by transmission
through relay stations ("relaybots") or physical collection of
the microbots. Some applications of sensor microbots are security net to
guard own assets, surveillance and reconnaissance, and intelligence gathering
on adversary assets.
- 8.4 Multiband Laser Sensor System A suite
of laser devices that inspects and models target components. Different
frequencies of electromagnetic energy vary in their ability to penetrate
materials. For a particular material, one frequency will reflect off the
surface, another will penetrate. By employing a suite of laser devices
over a wide frequency range, planners can accomplish complete internal
and external inspection of a structure and develop a full three-dimensional
model. This tool can be used for nondestructive inspection of components,
target vulnerability analysis, target identification and decoy rejection,
and reconnaissance. This suite of laser devices can be carried on an airborne
platform, but it clearly has ground-based applications also.
- 8.5 Asteroid Detection System A network
of ground and space sensors which search for, track, and characterize space
objects that are large enough and in an orbit to threaten the earth-moon
system. The system also includes a centralized processing center that fuses
data from all of the available sensors, catalogs the known objects, and
distributes information to the known authorities.
- 9.1 Mobile Asset Repair Station (MARS)
A mobile facility near the battlefront where parts can be repaired or manufactured
. In wartime, replacement parts are repaired or manufactured in the theater
of operations for a variety of deployed weapon systems through MARS. The
mobile facility can be land-based or water-based in the theater of operations,
but out of harm's way. The facility features a set of fully-integrated
flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) and robotic systems that are linked
to the commercial manufacturers. These manufacturers supply the specifications
to the FMS which then produces the part or component. Many of the required
materials necessary for MARS to manufacture the components obtained from
- 9.2 Weather Analysis and Modification
System A diverse set of weather prediction and modification tools that
allows manipulation of small-to-medium-scale weather phenomena to enhance
friendly-force capabilities and degrade those of the adversary. Many of
the sensors required for this system are assumed to be external e. g.,
part of the global information management system (GIMS), discussed in System
- 9.3 Sanctuary Base A secure, low observable,
all-weather forward-operating base that reduces the number of assets requiring
protection from attack. The runway, power systems, ordnance storage, aircraft
maintenance assets, and C4I systems are self-maintaining and self-repairing.
Base security is highly automated. Chemical/ biological hazards are cleaned
up by nanobots and biotechnology. Robots perform refueling, weapons loading,
maintenance, security, and explosive ordnance destruction.