- SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - An attempt to pry loose information about alleged
toxic waste burning at a secret Air Force site in the Nevada desert - said
to be the "Area 51" of extraterrestrial lore - hit a stone wall
of secrecy in a federal appeals court Thursday.
- Lawyers for five current and former workers
at the base, and the widows of two workers allegedly killed by toxic wastes,
are not entitled to learn whether hazardous substances exist there or how
they are handled, the results of a federal toxics inspection or even the
name of the base, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said.
- The 3-0 ruling upheld the Air Force's
claim that giving out that information could endanger national security
and a 1995 order by President Clinton further restricting disclosure. Before
arguments in the case last November, the judges reviewed confidential government
statements, while Air Force security officers guarded their conference
- Besides the classified statements, the
court cited an unclassified filing by Air Force Secretary Sheila Widnall,
who said information about certain chemicals in the soil or water "can
reveal military operational capabilities or the nature and scope of classified
- The court, in an opinion by Judge Pamela
Rymer, said the disclosure of even "seemingly innocuous information"
can be barred if it is part of a "mosaic" of classified information.
- "The court cannot order the government
to disentangle this information from other classified information,"
Rymer said. She said the court was persuaded not only that the information
was properly withheld, but also that "any further proceeding in this
matter would jeopardize national security."
- Jonathan Turley, a Georgetown law professor
who represented the workers, said the ruling "sets an extremely dangerous
precedent" for anyone seeking information from the military.
- "This case has nothing to do with
national security," he said. "I obviously know what happened
at Area 51. My (clients) worked at Area 51. ...This case has to do with
criminal violations" of hazardous waste laws.
- He said he would seek a rehearing from
the entire court and, if unsuccessful, appeal to the Supreme Court. But
Turley said the two lawsuits have also accomplished an important goal:
forcing the government to acknowledge the site and conduct a toxics inspection,
although results of the inspection were not made public.
- Justice Department spokesman Joe Krovisky
declined comment, saying government lawyers had not seen the ruling.
- Area 51, about 90 miles north of Las
Vegas, is a base where military aircraft such as the U-2 and Stealth fighter
were tested. Its secrecy and remoteness have been prime fodder for UFO
buffs, who link the site to the supposed crash of an alien spacecraft at
Roswell, N.M. - a scenario played out in the movie "Independence Day."
- In the current case, the government identified
the site in question as "the operating location near Groom Lake"
and denied it was Area 51. The court left the denial unchallenged after
reviewing classified material.
- Turley scoffed at the denial, saying
the name was verified in a government security manual as well as declarations
from workers and security officials.
- The lawsuits said employees at the base
routinely put hazardous chemicals in open 55-gallon drums and burned them.
The suits said the exposure killed two workers, Walter Kasza, 73, and Robert
Frost, 57, whose widows Turley represents, and injured the other plaintiffs.
- Turley said Frost, before his death,
lost a workers' compensation claim for his injuries, and Kasza never filed
one. The workers sought no damages but requested a court finding that the
Air Force stored toxic wastes without a permit, and orders forbidding transportation
and burning of toxics.
- U.S. District Judge Philip Pro denied
the requests but ruled that the results of an Environmental Protection
Agency inspection of the site, conducted in response to one suit, would
have to be made public unless Clinton intervened. The president then barred
disclosure under a law that lets him exempt any federal facility from requirements
of a federal toxic cleanup law.
- The government appealed Pro's ruling,
saying the report should have been declared secret under national security
without the president's intervention, which must be renewed annually. The
court declined to decide the issue, saying it was no longer a live controversy
because of Clinton's action.
- Rymer's opinion denying disclosure and
ordering dismissal of the case was joined by Judge Harlington Wood of the
7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, temporarily assigned to the panel. In
a separate opinion, Judge A. Wallace Tashima said secrecy was proper but
should require a presidential order rather than a subordinate's declaration
of national security.
- The case is Kasza vs. Browner, 96-15535.