- 1211.100 Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space
- Part 1211 - Extra-terrestrial Exposure
- 1211.100 - Scope
- This part establishes:
- a.NASA policy, responsibility and authority
to guard the Earth against any harmful contamination or adverse changes
in its environment resulting from personnel, spacecraft and other property
returning to the Earth after landing on or coming within the atmospheric
envelope of a celestial body; and b.security requirements, restrictions
and safeguards that are necessary in the interest of national security.
- 1211.101 - Applicability
- The provisions of this part to all NASA
manned and unmanned space missions which land or come within the atmospheric
envelope of a celestial body and return to the Earth.
- 1211.102 - Definitions
- a."NASA" and the "Administrator"
mean, respectively the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and
the administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
or his authorized representative. b."Extra-terrestrially exposed"
means the state of condition of any person, property, animal or other form
of life or matter whatever, who or which has: 1.Touched directly or come
within the atmospheric envelope or any other celestial body 2.Touched directly
or been in close proximity to (or been exposed indirectly to ) any person,
property, animal or other form of life or matter who or which has been
extra-terrestrially exposed by virtue of paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
For example, if person or thing "A" touches the surface of the
Moon, and on "A's" return to Earth, "B" touches "A"
and, subsequently, "C" touches "B", all of these -
"A" through "C" inclusive - would be extra-terrestrially
exposed ("A" and "B" directly; "C" indirectly).
c."Quarantine" means the detention, examination and decontamination
of any persons, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever
that is extra-terrestrially exposed, and includes the apprehension or seizure
of such person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever.
d."Quarantine period" means a period of consecutive calendar
days as may be established in accordance with 1211.104
- Administrative actions.
- The Administrator or his designee..shall
in his discretion:
- a. 1.Determine the beginning and duration
of a quarantine period with respect to any space mission; the quarantine
period as it applies to various life forms will be announced. 2.Designate
in writing quarantine officers to exercise quarantine authority. 3.Determine
that a particular person, property, animal, or other form of life or matter
whatever is extra- terrestrially exposed and quarantine such person, property,
animal, or other form of life or matter whatever. The quarantine may be
based only on a determination, with or without the benefit of a hearing,
that there is probable cause to believe that such person, property, animal
or other form of life or matter whatever is extra- terrestrially exposed.
4.Determine within the United States or within vessels or vehicles of the
United States the place, boundaries, and rules of operation of necessary
quarantine stations. 5.Provide for guard services by contract or otherwise,
as many be necessary, to maintain security and inviolability of quarantine
stations and quarantined persons, property, animals or other form of life
or matter whatever. 6.Provide for the subsistence, health and welfare of
persons quarantined under the provisions of this part. 7.Hold such hearings
at such times, in such manner and for such purposes as may be desirable
or necessary under this part, including hearings for the purpose of creating
a record for use in making any determination under this part for the purpose
of reviewing any such determination. b. 1.During any period of announced
quarantine, no person shall enter or depart from the limits of the quarantine
station without permission of the cognizant NASA officer. During such period,
the posted perimeter of a quarantine station shall be secured by armed
guard. 2.Any person who enters the limits of any quarantine station during
the quarantine period shall be deemed to have consented to the quarantine
of his person if it is determined that he is or has become extra-terrestrially
exposed. 3.At the earliest practicable time, each person who is quarantined
by NASA shall be given a reasonable opportunity to communicate by telephone
with legal counsel or other persons of his choice.
- 1211.107 Court or other process
- a.NASA officers and employees are prohibited
from discharging from the limits of a quarantine station any quarantined
person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever during
order or other request, order or demand an announced quarantine period
in compliance with a subpoena, show cause or any court or other authority
without the prior approval of the General Counsel and the Administrator.
b.Where approval to discharge a quarantined person, property, animal or
other form of life or matter whatever in compliance with such a request,
order or demand of any court or other authority is not given, the person
to whom it is directed shall, if possible, appear in court or before the
other authority and respectfully state his inability to comply, relying
for his action on this 1211.107.
- 1211.108 Violations
- Whoever willfully violates, attempts
to violate, or conspires to violate any provision of this part or any regulation
or order issued under this part or who enters or departs >from the limits
of a quarantine station in disregard of the quarantine rules or regulations
or without permission of the NASA quarantine officer shall be fined not
more that $5,000 or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both